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NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)


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NGC 6334
Cat's Paw Nebula (猫の足星雲)
Bear Claw Nebula (熊の爪星雲)
Emission Nebula (散光星雲)
Nb EN


別名 (Other names)
Sharpless 8, Sh2-8, Sh 2-8, ESO 392-EN9, RCW 127, Gum 64

距離 (Distance)
5,500光年 (5,500 light-years)

星座 (Constellation)

さそり座 (Sco) (Scorpius)


座標 (Coordinates)

(351.23°, 0.77°)

NGC 6334(Sh2-8)は、さそり座の散光星雲。
1837年に南アフリカの喜望峰からジョン・ハーシェルによって発見された。
日本では、出目金星雲や猫の足星雲と呼ばれる事がある。

Cat's Paw Nebula (NGC 6334) is an emission nebula located 5,500 light years from the Earth in the constellation Scorpius.

NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula) : Picture

The Cat's Paw Nebula
Wide Angle: The Cat's Paw Nebula
(C) ESO, DSS2, NASA
Nebulae are perhaps as famous for being identified with familiar shapes as perhaps cats are for getting into trouble. Still, no known cat could have created the vast Cat's Paw Nebula visible in Scorpius. At 5,500 light years distant, Cat's Paw is an emission nebula with a red color that originates from an abundance of ionized hydrogen atoms. Alternatively known as the Bear Claw Nebula or NGC 6334, stars nearly ten times the mass of our Sun have been born there in only the past few million years. Pictured above, a wide angle, deep field image of the Cat's Paw nebula was culled from the second Digitized Sky Survey.

NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
(C) ESO/R. Gendler & R.M. Hannahoe
The Cat’s Paw Nebula is revisited in a combination of exposures from the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope and expert amateur astronomers Robert Gendler and Ryan M. Hannahoe. The distinctive shape of the nebula is revealed in reddish puffy clouds of glowing gas against a dark sky dotted with stars.

The image was made by combining existing observations from the 2.2-metre MPG/ESO telescope of the La Silla Observatory in Chile with 60 hours of exposures on a 0.4-metre telescope taken by Gendler and Hannahoe.

The resolution of the existing 2.2-metre MPG/ESO telescope observations was combined (by using their “luminance” or brightness) with the colour information from Gendler and Hannahoe’s observations to produce a beautiful combination of data from amateur and professional telescopes. For example, the additional colour information brings out the faint blue nebulosity in the central region, which is not seen in the original ESO image, while the ESO data contribute their finer detail. The result is an image that is much more than the sum of its parts.

The well-named Cat’s Paw Nebula (also known as NGC 6334) lies in the constellation of Scorpius. Although it appears close to the centre of the Milky Way on the sky, it is relatively near to Earth, at a distance of about 5,500 light-years. It is about 50 light-years across and is one of the most active star formation regions in our galaxy, containing massive, young brilliant blue stars, which have formed in the last few million years. It is host to possibly tens of thousands of stars in total, some of them visible and others still hidden in the clouds of gas and dust.

NGC 6357 and NGC 6334
The NGC 6357 and NGC 6334 nebulae
(C) ESO/APEX & MSX/IPAC/NASA
Colour-composite image of the nebulae NGC 6357 (left) and NGC 6334 (right) as seen by the ATLASGAL survey. NGC 6357 is a diffuse nebula containing the open cluster Pismis 24, home to several very massive stars. NGC 6334 is an emission nebula also known as the “Cat’s Paw Nebula”.

In this image, the ATLASGAL submillimetre-wavelength data are shown in red, overlaid on a view of the region in infrared light, from the Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) in green and blue.

Cat’s Paw Nebula
The star-forming Cat’s Paw Nebula through ArTeMiS’s eyes
(C) ArTeMiS team/Ph. André, M. Hennemann, V. Revéret et al./ESO/J. Emerson/VISTA Acknowledgment: Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit
This image of the star formation region NGC 6334 is one of the first scientific images from the ArTeMiS instrument on APEX. The picture shows the glow detected at a wavelength of 0.35 millimetres coming from dense clouds of interstellar dust grains. The new observations from ArTeMiS show up in orange and have been superimposed on a view of the same region taken in near-infrared light by ESO’s VISTA telescope at Paranal.

Sh2-8 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
Sh2-8 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
(C) Image by Dean Salman - http://www.sharplesscatalog.com
This nebula is also known as NGC 6334 or by name the Cats Paw Nebula. Sh2-8 also includes the area around the brighter nebula. This nebula is bright enough to use just standard RGB color filters, but the hydrogen-alpha is a great choice to bring out more structure and the fainter detail around this nebula. Some references refer to this object also as the Bear Paw nebula. The larger telescope should have no problem picking up the fine structure.

Sh2-8 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
Sh2-8 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
(C) http://galaxymap.org/
This is NGC 6334, the Cat's Paw nebula. This complex of HII regions contains one larger bubble (Gum 63) adjacent to three smaller bubbles (Gum 61, Gum 62 and Gum 64b) in addition to several other partially obscured nebulae and at least eleven major infrared sources that are probably mostly cooler B stars.

It lies at the same distance as NGC 6357, the War and Peace nebula, and is separated from it by a dark cloud. Both are near the Sco OB4 association in the Sagittarius arm.

NGC 6334
The stellar nursery NGC 6334 in the constellation of Scorpius
(C) ESO, IAU and Sky & Telescope
This chart shows the location of NGC 6334, the Cat’s Paw Nebula, in the constellation of Scorpius. This map shows most of the stars visible to the unaided eye under good conditions, and NGC 6334 itself is highlighted with a red circle on the image. Although this stellar nursery is prominent in images, it is faint visually and needs a large telescope for a glimpse of the brighter parts.

NGC6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula) NGC6334 (Bear Claw Nebula)
NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
(C) NASA
NGC 6334 (Bear Claw Nebula)
(C) NASA
NGC6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula) NGC6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
(C) NASA
NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula)
(C) NASA
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NGC 6334 (Cat's Paw Nebula) : Movie

Zooming in on ArTeMiS's view of the Cat's Paw Nebula NGC 6334
In this zoom sequence we start with a spectacular wide-field view of the Milky Way Galaxy, centred on the constellations of Scorpius and Sagittarius.

Cross-fading between infrared VISTA and submillimetre ArTeMiS views of NGC 6334
This video compares the near-infrared and submillimetre views of the star formation region NGC 6334, also known as the Cat's Paw Nebula.
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「ウィキペディア(wikipedia):フリー百科事典」より文章引用。
NGC 6334. (2012, May 4). In Wikipedia.
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