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NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)


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NGC 1333
Reflection Nebula (反射星雲)
Nb RN


別名 (Other names)
LBN 741

星座 (Constellation)
ペルセウス座 (Per) (Perseus)

距離 (Distance)
1,000光年 (1,000 light-years)

NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula located 1,000 light years from the Earth in the constellation Perseus.

NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula) : Picture

NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)
NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)
(C) Al Howard
NGC 1333 is seen in visible light as a reflection nebula, dominated by bluish hues characteristic of starlight reflected by dust. A mere 1,000 light-years distant toward the heroic constellation Perseus, it lies at the edge of a large, star-forming molecular cloud. This striking close-up view spans about two full moons on the sky or just over 15 light-years at the estimated distance of NGC 1333. It shows details of the dusty region along with hints of contrasting red emission from Herbig-Haro objects, jets and shocked glowing gas emanating from recently formed stars. In fact, NGC 1333 contains hundreds of stars less than a million years old, most still hidden from optical telescopes by the pervasive stardust. The chaotic environment may be similar to one in which our own Sun formed over 4.5 billion years ago.

Reflection Nebula NGC 1333
In the Center of Reflection Nebula NGC 1333
(C) T.A. Rector/University of Alaska Anchorage, H. Schweiker/WIYN and NOAO/AURA/NSF
This image of NGC 1333 was taken using the Mosaic-1 imager and the National Science Foundation’s Mayall 4-meter telescope at Kitt Peak. This star-forming region, located roughly 1,000 light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Perseus, harbors hundreds of newly formed stars less than one million years old. Many of these proto-stars exhibit energetic activity such as jets and strong stellar winds.

NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)
NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)
(C) Stephen Leshin

NGC 1333
Stardust in Perseus
(C) Máximo Ruiz
This cosmic expanse of dust, gas, and stars covers close to 3 degrees on the sky in the heroic constellation Perseus. Right of center in the gorgeous skyscape is the dusty blue reflection nebula NGC 1333, about 1,000 light-years away. At that estimated distance, the field of view is about 50 light-years across. Next to NGC 1333 is the reddish glow of shocked hydrogen gas created by energetic jets and winds from stars in the process of formation. Other reflection nebulae are scattered around, along with remarkable dark dust nebulae. Near the edge of a large molecular cloud, they tend to hide the newly formed stars and young stellar objects or protostars from prying optical telescopes. Collapsing due to self-gravity, the protostars form around dense cores embedded in the molecular cloud.

Stardust in Perseus
Stardust in Perseus
(C) Jeff Lunglhofer

Dusty NGC 1333
Dusty NGC 1333
Credit: Visible Image (w/rollover) - Steve Cannistra (StarryWonders)
Infrared Image - R. A. Gutermuth (Harvard-Smithsonian CfA) et al. JPL-Caltech

Dusty NGC 1333
Dusty NGC 1333
Credit: R. A. Gutermuth (Harvard-Smithsonian CfA) et al. JPL-Caltech

Clouds of Perseus
Clouds of Perseus
(C) NASA
Cosmic clouds of gas and dust drift across this magnificent panorama, spanning some 17 degrees near the southern boundary of the heroic constellation Perseus. The collaborative skyscape begins with bluish stars of Perseus at the left, but the eye is drawn to the striking, red NGC 1499. Also known as the California Nebula, its characteristic glow of atomic hydrogen gas is powered by ultraviolet light from luminous blue star Xi Persei immediately to the nebula's right. Farther along, intriguing young star cluster IC 348 and neighboring Flying Ghost Nebula are right of center. Connected by dark and dusty tendrils on the outskirts of a giant molecular cloud, another active star forming region, NGC 1333, lies near the upper right edge of the wide field of view. Shining faintly, dust clouds strewn throughout the scene are hovering hundreds of light-years above the galactic plane and reflect starlight from the Milky Way.

NGC1499 and NGC1333
NGC 1499, California Nebula (Left)
NGC 1333 (Center)
Seven Sisters (Right)
(C) NASA

NGC 1333 NGC 1333
NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)
(C) Al Howard
Reflection Nebula NGC 1333
(C) NOAO
NGC 1333 NGC 1333
NGC 1333 (Reflection Nebula)
(C) Stephen Leshin
Dusty NGC 1333
(C) NASA
NGC 1333 NGC 1333
Stardust in Perseus
(C) Máximo Ruiz
Stardust in Perseus
(C) Jeff Lunglhofer
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