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HCG 87 (Hickson Compact Group 87)


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HCG 87 (Hickson Compact Group 87)


距離 (Distance)
4億光年 (400 million light-years)

明るさ (Brightness)
19.4等級

星座 (Constellation)
やぎ座 (Cap) (Capricornus)

HCG 87 (Hickson Compact Group 87) is an interacting galaxy located 400 million light years from the Earth in the constellation Capricornus.

HCG 87 (Hickson Compact Group 87) : Picture

HCG 87: A Small Group of Galaxies
HCG 87: A Small Group of Galaxies
(C) NASA, 2010 July 6
Sometimes galaxies form groups. For example, our own Milky Way Galaxy is part of the Local Group of Galaxies. Small, compact groups, like Hickson Compact Group 87 (HCG 87) shown above, are interesting partly because they slowly self-destruct. Indeed, the galaxies of HCG 87 are gravitationally stretching each other during their 100-million year orbits around a common center. The pulling creates colliding gas that causes bright bursts of star formation and feeds matter into their active galaxy centers. HCG 87 is composed of a large edge-on spiral galaxy visible on the lower left, an elliptical galaxy visible on the lower right, and a spiral galaxy visible near the top. The small spiral near the center might be far in the distance. Several stars from our Galaxy are also visible in the foreground. The above picture was taken in 1999 July by the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2. Studying groups like HCG 87 allows insight into how all galaxies form and evolve.

Galaxy Group HCG 87
Galaxy Group HCG 87
(C) NASA, 2005 July 16

HCG 87: A Small Group of Galaxies
HCG 87: A Small Group of Galaxies
(C) NASA, September 6, 1999
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HCG 87 (Hickson Compact Group 87) : Movie

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